This third deliverable of the WP1 of the Milesecure-2050 project focuses on main trends in European energy policies, taking into account present trends and perspectives in terms of EU and single Member States capacity to reduce their dependency on external energy sources, to improve the energy mix favouring renewables, and to face climate change threats in order to achieve a sustainable development of both the economy, the society and the environment.
These challenges are even more crucial if we consider that main trends have been dramatically changed by the current economic crisis, which has forced to reshape growth scenarios and readapt expected societal changes.
European uneven geographies of energy security and energy economics are, in fact, to be highlighted with the review of European policies and strategies for a low carbon society and their implications on environmental and energy policies, and on national and continental performances. Current economic, social and sustainability trends for EU member states – in the framework of the aforementioned crisis – tend to represent challenges and constraints for both strategies and related policies that have, among other objectives, to make of the EU the part of the world with the smarter, more sustainable and more inclusive growth (the Europe 2020 strategy).
The analysis provides, to such extent:
1. a key-grid of policies, trends and scenarios concerning energy security and low carbon transition that Europe is experiencing and is likely to experience;
2. the definition of a set of indicators to assess the geographical differentiation
among Member States in pursuing European policies and objectives towards a low carbon society;
3. a framework for the analysis of different geopolitical scenarios and spatial tensions originated by the investments in new technologies, infrastructures and politico-economic alliances. This framework has been applied to three Member States
(Germany, Italy, Poland) with very different typologies of energy strategies, trends, policies and market situations.